All About Lettuce
Install a two to three inch layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips, straw, leaves, or grass clippings around the lettuce, being sure to leave a little space around the plant to prevent rot. This layer of mulch will help retain moisture, keep the soil cool, reduce the amount of weeding you have to do, and keep the lettuce clean by preventing soil from splashing up on the leaves when you water. Jul 16, · Steps Download Article. 1. Prepare the soil for planting. Ensure that the soil has a pH balance between and The ground needs to be well-drained and full of 2. Dig a trench in the soil, and plant the lettuce seeds. Lettuce plants have a short root system, so 91%(82).
If you grow your own, you have that world at your fingertips. Or the tip of your trowel, as the case may be. Homegrown organic lettuce is a delight. You can harvest it whenever you have a craving for a cool, crisp salad, and the combinations of colors and flavors you can enjoy is limited only by your imagination.
There are five main types of lettuce :. Lettuces are easy to grow, and even more so if you give them the conditions that make them thrive. Lettuces require at least 6 hours of sunlight per day. If you live in a very warm climate or have summers in which temperatures frequently reach the mid-eighties, try to give your lettuces a site that is protected from afternoon sun. How to blag an upgrade on a flight can how to dry spaghetti squash seeds off the bolting that is brought on by hot weather.
If you can't protect them from the sun, consider installing a shade screen over them. Lettuces also need good, loose, rich soil to grow well. Soil that has been amended well with compost or rotted manure is ideal. Soils with plenty of organic matter retain moisture better, which is very important in keeping these shallow-rooted veggies happy.
If you have poor soil in your garden and want to be assured of a decent lettuce crop, consider building a raised bed and filling it with a mixture of topsoil, manure, and compost, or plant your lettuce in a container. Any pot or container that is at least four inches deep will do. Lettuce can be started from seedeither indoors or directly into the garden.
You can also purchase transplants at the nursery. If possible try to purchase organic seed or starts. There are several good catalogs that carry organic seeds, and many garden centers are starting to carry organically-grown plants. To Start Seed Indoors:. Lettuce seeds should be started eight weeks before your last frost date.
Sow them in sterile seed starting mix, or a mix you've concocted yourself. The soil should be kept cool, below 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Be sure to give them plenty of light, either by placing them in a sunny window or by starting them under lights.
They can be planted out after your last frost date. Be sure to harden the plants off for three to four days before planting them into the garden. To Plant Seed Outdoors:. Lettuce can be easily sown in the garden as long as your last frost date has passed and the soil is fairly cool.
Lettuce usually won't germinate if the soil temperature is over 80 degrees. Simply sow the seed in rows or blocks, following the directions on the seed packet.
You will probably have to thin the seedlings that emerge; you can use the thinnings in a salad. For a continual harvest, sow more seed every two weeks throughout the season. To Plant Transplants:. If you purchase plants or have started your own indoors, you can plant them out after danger of frost has passed.
To plant, simply dig a hole as deep as the rootball and twice as wide, place the plant into the hole with the crown of the plant at soil level and gently firm the soil around the rootball. Water them in well to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. In general, head lettuces should be spaced about a foot apart, and looseleaf lettuces spaced six inches apart. The most important factor in succeeding with lettuce is meeting its moisture requirements.
The roots of lettuce reside in the top three to four inches of soil. If you stick your finger into the soil and the top inch is dry, you need to water. This may require watering several times per week in hot, dry weather. Fertilization is also important. If you are growing in soil that is full of organic matter, you may not need to fertilize.
However, providing your lettuce with nitrogen-rich fertilizer will keep your plant growing well and producing regularly. Fish emulsion is an ideal organic fertilizer for lettuces. Apply the fish emulsion at half of the recommended dosage every two weeks. It how to create a budget for a marketing plan best how to grow organic lettuce apply the diluted fish emulsion directly to the soil.
You can use it as a foliar feed as well, but be sure to wash your lettuce really, really well before eating it. As with anything in the garden, lettuces benefit from a good layer of mulch. Install a two to three inch layer of organic mulch, such as wood chips, straw, leaves, or grass clippings around the lettuce, being sure to leave a little space around the plant to prevent rot.
This layer of mulch will help retain moisture, keep the soil cool, reduce the amount of weeding you have to do, and keep the lettuce clean by preventing soil from splashing up on the leaves when you water. Lettuce is bothered by very few pests and diseases. Slugs are its biggest enemy, and they can be thwarted by setting out a saucer of beer to trap them in, or by sprinkling diatomaceous earth or crushed eggshells around your plants.
These sharp substances cut the slugs' underbellies when they slide across it, and kills them. Aphids can also be a problem. If they are, try knocking them off with a blast of water from the hose or try a homemade spray to get rid of them. Cutworms can also be a problem, and the best way to protect against them is to install a collar made of thick paper or cardboard around the base of any newly-planted lettuce seedlings. If your pests are of the long-eared, four-footed variety, the best defense is to install a metal fence around the garden, or around the bed in which you are growing your lettuce.
You can also try sprinkling cayenne pepper on the plants to deter the rabbits. Lettuce is easy to grow, as long as you meet its basic requirements. And the benefits of doing so are well worth what is the cause of hpv infection being able to harvest salads full of homegrown, tasty, organic lettuce mere minutes before mealtime is a luxury that you'll appreciate throughout the growing season.
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Lettuce Plant History
Space: inches appart for head lettuce OR 2 inches apart for high intensity lettuce; Plant in the same bed as spinach, asparagus, cabbage and other alkaline soil lovin’ plants to best utilize your space. harvest the outter leaves ina method called Cut and Come Again to regrow your lettuce and harvest more out of a smaller space. To promote rapid growth, apply Alaska® Fish Fertilizer or other organic liquid fertilizer once or twice during the gardening season. Avoid high heat and disturbing roots for a bumper lettuce crop. Mulching with a quality organic compost will help deter weeds and conserve moisture loss (see What’s in Commercial Compost). Jun 14, · Learn how to grow one of the easiest garden vegetables organically. Lettuce is a cool season crop that even the novice gardener can successfully grow. Tricia.
View more. Start your adventure. Spring is coming! This is the perfect time of year to brush up on your knowledge of growing techniques. Here at MIgardener, we want to share all of our favorite growing secrets; from our garden to yours.
There is nothing quite so good as home grown lettuce. Home grown lettuce might seem like a luxury, when it is actually one of the simplest vegetables to grow at home. You can plant lettuce as soon as it starts growing from seed because it tolerates cold temperatures better than other vegetables. Lettuce enjoy even moist soil for their entire life. Having soil that is damp like a wrung out sponge is perfect. Too much water will lead to rot, but too little can lead to wilting and thin skinned lettuce which is soft, floppy, and bitter.
Lettuce requires partial sunlight. Any more than this and the direct sunlight will cause it to bolt early, grow bitter, and flower before you have the chance to harvest it. Lettuce thrives in neutral to alkaline soil, so the ph level should test around 7 and no higher than 7. This makes a good environment for lettuce and evens out the ph of acidic soil. Turn soil before planting in order to get rid of weeds to make it easier to work with.
Lettuce is a heavy nitrogen feeder. Sprinkle approximately 1 cup of fertilizer per every square feet of garden space. Rake in your fertilizer of choice to the top layer of soil where the roots will begin to establish. Have you started mapping out your garden for ? What varieties are you looking forward to planting most?
Port Huron, MI Exciting new items We are always adding new things to excite you about gardening. Explore MIgardener Overview. Explore possibilities Let your curiosity lead you! Gardening is about the adventure, not the destination. MIgardener Blog. By MIgardener Feb 6. Facebook Twitter Pinterest. Written by — Kaitlynn from MIgardener Spring is coming! Watering: Lettuce enjoy even moist soil for their entire life.
Sunlight: Lettuce requires partial sunlight. Fertilizer: Lettuce is a heavy nitrogen feeder. Planting Tips: Test soil by making sure it crumbles in the hand, your shovel should glide in easily as you turn it and be free of clods and clumps.
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