How A Narcissist Thinks (Warning: It's Pretty Messed Up)
Nov 03, · Refusing to challenge a narcissist's opinion helps you avoid the risk of being attacked. To shut down a narcissist, you have to be more prepared than they are. Let's go over fifteen effective strategies you can use to shut down a narcissist and help reduce the harm they inflict on you. How to Shut Down a Narcissist: 15 of the Best Ways 1. Nov 30, · The narcissist thinks you are the one with the problem. She certainly doesn't realize that she is a narcissist, but if she were to read the traits listed above, she would think that you fit the bill. The problem is never with her. It's always with you. Final Thoughts.
His reign of 72 years and days is the longest recorded of any monarch of a sovereign country in European history. Louis began his personal rule of France inafter the death of his chief minister, the Cardinal Mazarin. He sought to eliminate the remnants of feudalism persisting in parts of France and, by compelling many members of the nobility to inhabit his lavish Palace of Versaillessucceeded in pacifying the aristocracy, many members of which had participated in the Fronde rebellion during his minority.
By these means he became one of the most powerful French monarchs and consolidated a system of absolute monarchy in France that endured until the French Revolution. He also enforced uniformity of religion under the Gallican Catholic Church. His revocation of the Edict of Nantes abolished the rights of the Huguenot Protestant minority and subjected them to a wave of dragonnadeseffectively forcing Huguenots to emigrate or convert, and virtually destroying the French Protestant community.
During Louis's long reign, France emerged as the leading European power and regularly asserted its military strength. A conflict with Spain marked his entire childhood, while during his reign, the kingdom took part in three major continental conflicts, each against powerful foreign alliances: the Franco-Dutch Warthe War of the League of Augsburgand the War of the Spanish Succession.
In addition, France also contested shorter wars, such as the War of Devolution and the War of the Reunions. Warfare defined Louis's foreign policy and his personality shaped his approach. Impelled by "a mix of commerce, revenge, and pique", he sensed that war was the ideal way to enhance his glory. In peacetime he concentrated on preparing for the next war.
He taught his diplomats that their job was to create tactical and strategic advantages for the French military. His mother had experienced four stillbirths between and Leading contemporaries thus regarded him as a divine gift and his birth a miracle of God.
In defiance of custom, which would have made Queen Anne the sole Regent of France, the king decreed that a regency council would rule on his son's behalf.
His lack of faith in Queen Anne's political abilities was his primary rationale. He did, however, make the concession of appointing her head of the council. Louis' relationship with his mother was uncommonly affectionate for the time. Contemporaries and eyewitnesses claimed that the Queen would spend all her time with Louis. Both were greatly interested in food and theatre, and it is highly likely that Louis developed these interests through his close relationship with his mother.
This long-lasting and loving relationship can be evidenced by excerpts in Louis' journal entries, such as:. But attachments formed later by shared qualities of the spirit are far more difficult to break than those formed merely by blood. It was his mother who gave Louis his belief in the absolute and divine power of his monarchical rule.
InNicolas V de Villeroy became the young king's tutor. Anne exiled some of her husband's ministers Chavigny, Bouthilierand she nominated Brienne as her minister of foreign affairs. Anne kept the direction of religious policy strongly in her hand until ; her most important political decisions were to nominate Cardinal Mazarin as her chief minister and the continuation of her late husband's and Cardinal Richelieu 's policy, despite their persecution of her, for the sake of her son.
Anne wanted to give her son absolute authority and a victorious kingdom. Her rationales for choosing Mazarin were mainly his ability and his total dependence on her, at least until when she was no longer regent.
Anne protected Mazarin by arresting and exiling her followers who conspired against him in the Duke of Beaufort and Marie de Rohan. Anne was virtually under house arrest for a number of years during her husband's rule. Pap smear test for what keeping him in his post, Anne was giving a sign that the interests of France and her son Louis were the guiding spirit of all her political and legal actions.
Though not necessarily opposed to Spain, she sought to end the war with a French victory, in order to establish a lasting peace between the Catholic nations.
The Queen also gave a partial Catholic orientation to French foreign policy. This was felt by the Netherlands, France's Protestant ally, which negotiated a separate peace with Spain in Its terms ensured Dutch independence from Spainawarded some autonomy to the various German princes of the Holy Roman Empireand granted Sweden seats on the Imperial Diet and territories to control the mouths of the OderElbeand Weser rivers.
France, however, profited most from the settlement. Moreover, eager to emancipate themselves from Habsburg domination, petty German states sought French protection.
This anticipated the formation of the League of the Rhineleading to the further diminution of Imperial power. As the Thirty Years' War came to an end, a civil war known as the Fronde after the slings used to smash windows erupted in France. It effectively checked France's ability to exploit the Peace of Westphalia.
Anne and Mazarin had largely pursued the policies of Cardinal Richelieuaugmenting the Crown's power at the expense of the nobility and the Parlements. Anne interfered much more in internal policy than foreign affairs; she was a very proud queen who insisted on the divine rights of the King of France.
All this led her to advocate a forceful policy in all matters relating to the King's authority, in a manner that was much more radical than the one proposed by Mazarin. The Cardinal depended totally on Anne's support and had to use all his influence on the Queen to avoid nullifying, but to restrain some of her radical actions.
Anne imprisoned any aristocrat or member of parliament who challenged her will; her main aim was to transfer to her son an absolute authority in the matters of finance and justice. One of the leaders of the Parlement of Paris, whom she had jailed, died in prison. The Frondeurspolitical heirs of the disaffected feudal aristocracy, sought to protect their traditional feudal privileges from the increasingly centralized royal government. Furthermore, they believed their traditional influence and authority was being usurped by the recently ennobled bureaucrats the Noblesse de Robeor "nobility of the robe"who administered the kingdom and on whom the monarchy increasingly began to rely.
This belief intensified the nobles' resentment. InAnne and Mazarin attempted to tax members of the Parlement de Paris. The members refused to comply and ordered all of the king's earlier financial edicts burned. People in France were complaining about the expansion of royal authority, the high rate of taxation, and the reduction of the authority of the Parlement de Paris and other regional representative entities.
Paris erupted in rioting as a result, and Anne was forced, under intense pressure, to free Broussel. Moreover, a mob of angry Parisians broke into the royal palace and demanded to see their king.
Led into the royal bedchamber, they gazed upon Louis, who was feigning sleep, were appeased, and then quietly departed. The threat to the royal family prompted Anne to flee Paris with the king and his courtiers. Beaufort, who how to import data from access to sql server escaped from the prison where Anne had incarcerated him five years before, was the military leader in Paris, under the nominal control of Conti.
After a what to buy your mom for xmas battles, a political compromise was reached; the Peace of Rueil was signed, and the court returned to Paris. This situation did not last long, and Mazarin's unpopularity led to the creation of a coalition headed mainly by Marie de Rohan and the duchess of Longueville.
This aristocratic coalition was strong enough to liberate the princes, exile Mazarin, and impose a condition of virtual house arrest on Queen Anne. All these events were witnessed by Louis and largely explained his later distrust of Paris and the higher aristocracy.
It how to get curled eyelashes without curler not only that life became insecure and unpleasant — a fate meted out to many children in all ages — but that Louis had to be taken into the confidence of his mother and Mazarin and political and military matters of which he could have no deep understanding".
The Fronde years planted in Louis a hatred of Paris and a consequent determination to move out of the ancient capital as soon as possible, never to return. Just as the first Fronde the Fronde parlementaire of — ended, a second one the Fronde des princes of — began. Unlike that which preceded it, tales of sordid intrigue and half-hearted warfare characterized this second phase of upper-class insurrection.
To the aristocracy, this rebellion represented a protest against and a what does lament mean in english of their political demotion from vassals to courtiers. Queen Anne played the most important role in defeating the Fronde because she wanted to transfer what is nero express essentials authority to her son. In addition, how to run cash register of the princes refused to deal with Mazarin, who went into exile for a number of years.
The Frondeurs claimed to act on Louis' behalf, and in his real interest against his mother and Mazarin. The Fronde thus gradually lost steam and ended inwhen Mazarin returned triumphantly from exile. From that time until his death, Mazarin was in charge of foreign and financial policy without the daily supervision of Anne, who how to write a business action plan template no longer regent.
During this period, Louis fell in love with Mazarin's niece Marie Mancinibut Anne and Mazarin ended the king's infatuation by sending Mancini away from court to be married in Italy. While Mazarin might have been tempted for a short period of time to marry his niece to the King of France, Queen Anne was absolutely against this; she wanted to marry her son to the daughter of her brother, Philip IV of Spainfor both dynastic and political reasons.
Mazarin soon supported the Queen's position because he knew that her support for his power and his foreign policy depended on making peace with Spain from a strong position and on the Spanish marriage. Additionally, Mazarin's relations with Marie Mancini were not good, and he did not trust her to support his position.
All of Louis' tears and his supplications how to make a princess castle cake with fondant his mother did not make her change her mind. The Spanish marriage would be very important both for its role in ending the war between France and Spain, because many of the claims and objectives of Louis' what does a key fob look like policy for the next 50 years would be based upon this marriage, and because it was through this marriage that the Spanish throne would ultimately be delivered to the House of Bourbon which holds it to this day.
Louis XIV was declared to have reached the age of majority on how to set up an internet cafe September On the death of Mazarin, in MarchLouis assumed personal control of the reins of government and astonished his court by declaring that he would rule without a chief minister: "Up to this moment I have been pleased to entrust the government of my affairs to the late Cardinal. It is now time that I govern them myself.
You [he was talking to the secretaries and ministers of state] will assist me with your counsels when I ask for them. I request and order you to seal no orders except by my command. I order you not to sign anything, not even a passport.
Praising his ability to choose and encourage men of talent, the historian Chateaubriand noted: "it is the voice of genius of all kinds which sounds from the tomb of Louis". Louis began his personal reign with administrative and fiscal reforms. Inthe treasury verged on bankruptcy. However, Louis first had to neutralize Nicolas Fouquetthe Superintendent of Financesin order to give Colbert a free hand.
Although Fouquet's financial indiscretions were not very different from Mazarin's before him or Colbert's after him, his ambition was worrying to Louis. The court was left with the impression that the vast sums of money needed to support his lifestyle could only have been obtained through embezzlement of government funds. These acts sealed his doom. Fouquet was charged with embezzlement. The Parlement found him guilty and sentenced him to exile. However, Louis altered the sentence to life-imprisonment and abolished Fouquet's post.
With Fouquet dismissed, Colbert reduced the national debt through more efficient taxation. The principal taxes included the aides and douanes both customs dutiesthe gabelle a tax on saltand the taille a tax on land.
The taille was reduced at first; financial officials were forced to keep regular accounts, auctioning certain taxes instead of selling them privately to a favored few, revising inventories and removing unauthorized exemptions for example, in only 10 per cent from the royal domain reached the King. Reform proved difficult because the taille was levied by officers of the Crown who had purchased their post at a high price: punishment of abuses necessarily lowered the value of the post.
Nevertheless, excellent results were achieved: the deficit of turned into a how to live with a narcisist in
How to Deal With a Female Narcissist
How to live with a narcissist – a survival guide Top 8 Tips for surviving and dealing with a narcissistic husband, wife or partner. Below is your survival guide for living with a narcissistic spouse – here I mean someone with just some narcissistic traits. Narcissism is the pursuit of gratification from vanity or egotistic admiration of one's idealised self-image and attributes. The term originated from Greek mythology, where a young man named Narcissus fell in love with his own image reflected in a pool of water. Narcissism or pathological self-absorption was first identified as a disorder in by Havelock Ellis and featured in subsequent. The narcissist’s needs, wants, and desires come first above all others, no matter how inconvenient to you. 6. Be prepared on a moment’s notice for them to turn on you with reptilian.
The word narcissism gets tossed around a lot in our selfie-obsessed, celebrity-driven culture, often to describe someone who seems excessively vain or full of themselves. Narcissistic personality disorder involves a pattern of self-centered, arrogant thinking and behavior, a lack of empathy and consideration for other people, and an excessive need for admiration. Others often describe people with NPD as cocky, manipulative, selfish, patronizing, and demanding. Their tendency is to turn the blame on to others.
However, by understanding more about narcissistic personality disorder, you can spot the narcissists in your life, protect yourself from their power plays, and establish healthier boundaries. Grandiosity is the defining characteristic of narcissism. More than just arrogance or vanity, grandiosity is an unrealistic sense of superiority.
They only want to associate and be associated with other high-status people, places, and things. They will often exaggerate or outright lie about their achievements and talents. They are the undisputed star and everyone else is at best a bit player. They spin self-glorifying fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, attractiveness, and ideal love that make them feel special and in control.
These fantasies protect them from feelings of inner emptiness and shame, so facts and opinions that contradict them are ignored or rationalized away. Anything that threatens to burst the fantasy bubble is met with extreme defensiveness and even rage, so those around the narcissist learn to tread carefully around their denial of reality. The occasional compliment is not enough. Narcissists need constant food for their ego, so they surround themselves with people who are willing to cater to their obsessive craving for affirmation.
These relationships are very one-sided. Because they consider themselves special, narcissists expect favorable treatment as their due. They truly believe that whatever they want, they should get. They also expect the people around them to automatically comply with their every wish and whim.
That is their only value. In other words, they lack empathy. In many ways, they view the people in their lives as objects—there to serve their needs. Sometimes this interpersonal exploitation is malicious, but often it is simply oblivious. The only thing they understand is their own needs. Narcissists feel threatened whenever they encounter someone who appears to have something they lack—especially those who are confident and popular. Their defense mechanism is contempt.
The only way to neutralize the threat and prop up their own sagging ego is to put those people down. They may do it in a patronizing or dismissive way as if to demonstrate how little the other person means to them.
Or they may go on the attack with insults, name-calling, bullying , and threats to force the other person back into line. Narcissists can be very magnetic and charming. They are very good at creating a fantastical, flattering self-image that draw us in. Your sole value to the narcissist is as someone who can tell them how great they are to prop up their insatiable ego. Look at the way the narcissist treats others. If the narcissist lies, manipulates, hurts, and disrespects others, he or she will eventually treat you the same way.
Take off the rose-colored glasses. Denial will not make it go away. The reality is that narcissists are very resistant to change, so the true question you must ask yourself is whether you can live like this indefinitely. Focus on your own dreams. What do you want to change in your life? What gifts would you like to develop? What fantasies do you need to give up in order to create a more fulfilling reality?
Healthy relationships are based on mutual respect and caring. Because of this, narcissists regularly violate the boundaries of others. Narcissists think nothing of going through or borrowing your possessions without asking, snooping through your mail and personal correspondence, eavesdropping on conversations, barging in without an invitation, stealing your ideas, and giving you unwanted opinions and advice.
They may even tell you what to think and feel. Make a plan. Set yourself up for success by carefully considering your goals and the potential obstacles. What are the most important changes you hope to achieve? What is the balance of power between you and how will that impact your plan? How will you enforce your new boundaries?
Answering these questions will help you evaluate your options and develop a realistic plan. Consider a gentle approach. If preserving your relationship with the narcissist is important to you, you will have to tread softly. By pointing out their hurtful or dysfunctional behavior, you are damaging their self-image of perfection.
Try to deliver your message calmly, respectfully, and as gently as possible. Focus on how their behavior makes you feel, rather than on their motivations and intentions.
If they respond with anger and defensiveness, try to remain calm. Walk away if need be and revisit the conversation later. You can count on the narcissist to rebel against new boundaries and test your limits, so be prepared. Follow up with any consequences specified. Be prepared for other changes in the relationship.
The narcissist will feel threatened and upset by your attempts to take control of your life. They are used to calling the shots. To compensate, they may step up their demands in other aspects of the relationship, distance themselves to punish you, or attempt to manipulate or charm you into giving up the new boundaries. To protect themselves from feelings of inferiority and shame, narcissists must always deny their shortcomings, cruelties, and mistakes. Often, they will do so by projecting their own faults on to others.
But as difficult as it may be, try not to take it personally. Refuse to accept undeserved responsibility, blame, or criticism. When attacked, the natural instinct is to defend yourself and prove the narcissist wrong. But no matter how rational you are or how sound your argument, they are unlikely to hear you.
And arguing the point may escalate the situation in a very unpleasant way. Simply tell the narcissist you disagree with their assessment, then move on.
Know yourself. The best defense against the insults and projections of the narcissist is a strong sense of self. Let go of the need for approval. You need to be okay with knowing the truth about yourself, even if the narcissist sees the situation differently. Learn what healthy relationships look and feel like. If you come from a narcissistic family, you may not have a very good sense of what a healthy give-and-take relationship is. The narcissistic pattern of dysfunction may feel comfortable to you.
Just remind yourself that as familiar as it feels, it also makes you feel bad. In a reciprocal relationship, you will feel respected, listened to, and free to be yourself. Spend time with people who give you an honest reflection of who you are.
Some narcissists isolate the people in their lives in order to better control them. Look for meaning and purpose in work , volunteering , and hobbies. Instead of looking to the narcissist to make you feel good about yourself, pursue meaningful activities that make use of your talents and allow you to contribute.
Ending an abusive relationship is never easy. Ending one with a narcissist can be especially difficult as they can be so charming and charismatic—at least at the start of the relationship or if you threaten to leave. There are ways to escape the narcissist—and the guilt and self-blame—and begin the process of healing. Educate yourself about narcissistic personality disorder. Being clear on why you need to end the relationship can help prevent you from being sucked back in.
Seek support. During your time together, the narcissist may have damaged your relationships with friends and family or limited your social life.
Making threats or pronouncements will only forewarn the narcissist and enable them to make it more difficult for you to get away. Call in the U. Leaving a narcissist can be a huge blow to their sense of entitlement and self-importance.
Cut off all contact with the narcissist. If you have children together, have others with you for any scheduled custody handovers. Allow yourself to grieve.
Breakups can be extremely painful , whatever the circumstances.