Understanding Participial Phrases
What is a participle phrase? Participles are words formed from verbs that can function as adjectives, as gerunds, or to form the continuous and perfect tenses of verbs. A participle is a verb that functions as a modifier. Participles provide further information about the noun or nouns in a sentence, just like an adjective or adverb. Some basic participles include: The running .
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Your or You're? Related Pages. What Are Participles? Got it? Take a quick test. Key Points Present and past participles are key building blocks in any language. Using a participle phrase upfront allows you to cram more information into a sentence. Learn how to form passive sentences because there are some great benefits to be had.
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1. What is a Participial Phrase?
Feb 24, · A participle phrase is a group of words that starts with a participle and modifies a noun or a pronoun in a sentence, like an adjective or an adjective phrase does. So, a participle phrase is nothing but a type of adjective phrase. Don’t let the participle trick you; a participle looks like a verb but functions as an adjective. Oct 21, · What is a participle? To start, participles are words derived from verbs that can function as adjectives or as parts of verb phrases to create verb tenses. Put simply, that means a participle will look like a verb (running) but may have a different role in the sentence: the running water. The Participle Phrase Recognize a participle phrase when you find one. A participle phrase will begin with a present or past participle. If the participle is present, it will dependably end in ing. Likewise, a regular past participle will end in a consistent ed. Irregular past participles, unfortunately, conclude in .
A participial phrase is a phrase that looks like a verb, but actually functions as an adjective; it modifies a noun in the same sentence. Here is a simple examples of a noun and a participial phrases in green in action. We really do see them all the time, even though they sound sort of complicated.
It might look like Kelly is brushing her hair in the action of this sentence, but the beginning phrase is actually an adjective here. It tells us something about Kelly , a noun and the subject of the sentence. Participial phrases will always start with a participle. A participle is formed from a verb, but it acts as a noun or an adjective. They modify other nouns in sentences, and are often parts of longer phrases—like a participial phrase, of course!
The participle in a participial phrase can be either the present participle or the past participle. The best way to show you how present participles and past participles are different is to give you a few example verbs. Picking out the participle in a participial phrase is actually pretty easy, because participles stick out once you figure out how they work. It tells us something about Kelly, a noun and the subject of the sentence. A participial phrase sometimes uses a noun, depending on the participle.
Some participles will just make more sense with a noun. A noun is a person, place, or thing, and is usually the subject of a sentence. Common nouns are words like dog, book, or computer. They can also be the names of specific people or places. In some cases, like participial phrases, adding a noun can bring more detail to a sentence.
Most sentences with participial phrases will work in similar ways, because the participial phrases will always modify the subject of the sentence. So sometimes participial phrases will use nouns to clear up a situation or give more detail.
A modifier will modify a noun, just like the name says. They can be lots of different kinds of words—like adjectives, adverbs, or even participles—as long as they modify a noun. Modifiers add more detail to a phrase, so they can be used in participial phrases to describe more of the situation.
Check out the example of a modifier in a participial phrase to see how they work! Meanwhile, the entire participial phrase describes how Carrie found her notebook. Modifiers are used all the time to make a sentence more interesting and give us more information. Modifiers can add a lot of fun to a sentence or a phrase, so use them right and you can have fascinating sentences! First, your participial phrase will need to use a participle, in past or present form.
Also, remember that a participial phrase describes a subject usually a noun! The main clause of the sentence describes the action going on.
If you take out the participial phrase, the main clause should still be a complete sentence. It sounds like half of a sentence! It is describing Amanda the noun as she concentrates. Here is an example of a misplaced participial phrase and how to correct it.
Now it looks like Connor is dripping off the table instead of the water! Both the cup of water and Connor are nouns, but the participial phrase can only modify one of them.
It should be put closer to its noun so that the sentence makes more sense. Gerunds are verb phrases that act as nouns, but participial phrases act as adjectives. Here are some sentences with gerunds and participial phrases so you can learn to tell them apart. We can tell this is a gerund because the phrase acts as a noun in the sentence.
Now the same phrase is a participial phrase! Also, if we take out the participial phrase, the sentence still makes sense. Gerunds and participial phrases can sometimes be the exact same words, but they have very different functions. Avoid confusing them by checking for signs that a phrase is a gerund or a participial phrase. Line Break. Punctuation mark. Dangling modifier. Anonymous October 15, , am. Anonymous November 21, , am.
But also thank you, because it really helps me a lot. Anonymous January 22, , am. Anonymous February 25, , pm. Anonymous May 1, , am. Anonymous June 24, , am. Participial Phrase 1. What is a Participial Phrase? Test your Knowledge 1. What punctuation is used to set a participial phrase off from the main clause of a sentence? Identify the participle in the following sentence Hanging up the phone, Susan thought about her life.
Related Posts Appositive Phrase. Gerund Phrase. Infinitive Phrase. Anonymous January 22, , am Thank you! Anonymous February 25, , pm Good stuff for people teaching English to foreign students. Anonymous May 1, , am Good! Anonymous June 24, , am Thanks, it helped me a lot. Verb Infinitive.