what is the difference between a synonym and antonym

The difference between coherence and cohesion?

Antonym definition, a word opposite in meaning to another. Fast is an antonym of slow. See more. Patronage definition, the financial support or business provided to a store, hotel, or the like, by customers, clients, or paying guests. See more.

Check out words from the year you were born and more! Build vocab with Puku today! What a wonderful world l Philip dies at Which of these things doesn't belong? While they may sound and look similar, illicit is an adjective describing something that is illegal or not permitted, while elicit is a verb meaning "to bring forth a reaction or response.

Say them fast—or even slow—in isolation, and no one will know which one you mean. Elicit play and illicit play both rhyme with the likes of explicit and complicit. But beyond being auditorily indistinguishable, they are used very differently. No talking. Illicit is an adjective applied to no-nos. It's used to talk about things people aren't supposed to do. Something illicit is not permitted especially because it is illegal:.

Three years ago, when James joined Ghana's anti-smuggling task force, his job was to intercept illicit cocoa shipments from neighboring Ivory Coast to preserve the superior quality of his country's beans. He is credited with taking a number of illegal firearms and illicit drugs off the streets. But, like its synonym unlawfulillicit also describes what may be legal but is still otherwise not permitted, so what far east movement because it is outside moral norms:.

When the decade of the fifties began, sex was still something of an illicit subject in America. Just call them Romeo and Zoo-liet: a male zebra hopped a fence at an Italian animal preserve to mate with his seemingly illicit lover, a female donkey. Their offspring? A zonkey, of course, which zookeepers promptly named Ippo. Alas, her wacky DNA means she's infertile, so don't expect a zonkeydonk. Eliciton the other hand, is a verb. In contemporary English it's used to talk about calling forth or drawing out a response or reaction from someone:.

During the concert which was amazing the lead singer gave several impassioned how to install zebra tlp 2844 printer about kindness and acceptance, which elicited roars of approval from the crowd.

Three lost souls with heart-rending stories, they clicked their way to Internet support groups, where they elicited outpourings of sympathy from fellow sufferers. The word's original meaning, "to draw or bring out how to use silver leaf foil latent or potential ," is less common but is still current:. In a side experiment, the researchers treated a Merlot sample with what is the difference between a synonym and antonym hormone known to elicit plant defenses—which nearly tripled the Merlot's melatonin levels.

The Latin ancestors of this pair are easy to confuse too. Elicit comes from elicitusillicit from illicitus. And there we have it: two words that sound the same and look similar, but that have very different uses. Remember that illicit is an adjective and elicit is a verb and you'll be safe. Well, uh, not quite.

Though we won't go so far as to say that the language is intentionally obstreperous, it's almost like the distinction was too neat for English to bear: it turns out that elicit exists in adjectival form as well, albeit in an archaic adjectival form. Elicit as an adjective describes an act that proceeds from the will:. Lastly, fasting is an act of many virtues; it is an elicit and proper act of temperance … — Jeremy Taylor, The Rule of Conscience The elicit act is contrasted with the imperate one, which is commanded rather than chosen.

We understand if this last bit of information elicits sighs and moans from our readers, but we accept no blame for the language's intractability. Become a master without leaving home! Jim Crow GA restricts voting access. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!

We're intent on clearing it up. We're gonna stop you right there. How to use a word that literally drives some pe The awkward case of 'his or her'.

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Usage Notes The Difference Between 'Elicit' and 'Illicit' A tale of a verb and an adjective that sound alike but have nothing to do with one another. What to Know While they may sound and look similar, illicit is an adjective describing something that is illegal or not permitted, while elicit is a verb meaning "to bring forth a reaction or response.

More Words At Play. A Guide to the Names of French Sauces. Love words? Need even more definitions? We're intent on clearing it up 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? We're gonna stop you right there Literally How to use a word that literally drives some pe Is Singular 'They' a Better Choice?

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Synonyms for difference in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for difference. 95 synonyms for difference: dissimilarity, contrast, variation, change, variety, exception. Feb 20,  · This refers to the meaningful relations between sentence elements. This involves the repetition of the same word or use of a synonym, hyponym, meronym, or antonym. Here are some examples: Repetition: “Birds are beautiful. Everybody likes birds.” Synonymy: “Paul saw a snake under the mattress. The serpent is going to bite somebody.”. Jan 03,  · A synonym is a word having the same or nearly the same meaning as another word in certain datingyougirl.com adjective form is datingyougirl.commy is the relationship that exists between words with closely related datingyougirl.com word comes from the Greek meaning "same name." Contrast with an antonym.A synonym for the term synonym is poecilonym.

An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which two contradictory terms or ideas are intentionally paired in order to make a point—particularly to reveal a deeper or hidden truth. The most recognizable oxymorons are adjective-noun pairs, as in the phrase "proud humility.

Oxymoron is often confused with other related terms, such as "contradiction in terms," "paradox," and "antonym. Today, many people use the term "oxymoron" as a synonym for any expression whose components contradict one another, even contradictions that are unintentional or come up in casual conversation also called a "contradiction in terms".

However, an oxymoron is more specific than a contradiction in terms: it must be crafted intentionally in order to suggest that two contradictory ideas go together because their unlikely combination reveals a deeper truth. For example, someone might wrongly call the phrase "business ethics" an oxymoron, simply to make the claim that business is always unethical. However, while it's possible to argue that "business ethics" is a contradiction in terms, the phrase is not an oxymoron.

The beauty of an oxymoron is that it deliberately combines two words or ideas that contradict one another, not simply to point out how those ideas don't fit, but for the purpose of showing that a contradiction actually does make sense or reveal a deeper meaning. For instance, a true oxymoron occurs when Juliet says to Romeo in Romeo and Juliet that "Parting is such sweet sorrow.

To sum up, an oxymoron is not simply a contradiction in terms. A true oxymoron must be deliberately crafted in advance, with the goal of creating a rhetorical effect or revealing a deeper figurative meaning. It's also helpful to understand the relationship between oxymoron and paradox. Both have to do with using contradiction to reveal deeper truths, but they differ in an important way: an oxymoron is a device, while a paradox is an idea.

A paradox is a concept that is simultaneously counterintuitive and truthful or revealing. Thus, an oxymoron might be a configuration of words that expresses a paradox, but the oxymoron is not, itself, the paradox. An example might help: the oxymoron "sweet sorrow" speaks to the paradox that love and pain can go together, but the oxymoron is not, in and of itself, the paradox that it expresses.

Words that are antonyms have opposite meanings from one another. For example, "good" and "bad" are antonyms. Some people mistake pairs of antonyms for oxymorons, but they are not the same. Oxymorons can add color, humor, and meaning to language in all sorts of ways. Oxymorons are useful tools for authors and poets because they're based in contradiction, which makes them capable of describing complex or conflicting emotions.

Shakespeare used a great many oxymorons in his plays. Here's one more example from Romeo and Juliet. In these lines from Act 1, Scene 1, Romeo tells his cousin Benvolio about his feelings for a woman named Rosamund who doesn't love him back:. O heavy lightness, serious vanity, Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms!

Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health, Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is! This love feel I, that feel no love in this. This cascade of oxymorons, placed one after the other, heightens the contrast between Romeo's idea of love and what he's actually experiencing.

The following oxymoron occurs repeatedly throughout Macbeth. This first example is from the play's opening scene and it is part of a charm chanted by witches:.

In this particular scene, the oxymoron "fair is foul, and foul is fair" speaks to the witches' evil character. They have an inverted moral code that values "the foul" and dislikes "the fair. There's a drama and simplicity to the "fair is foul" oxymoron, which becomes a refrain as the play goes on and characters begin to act according to the witches' moral code. Nabokov's novel Ada tells the story of Van and Ada, a sister and brother who meet as teenagers and fall in love, believing that they are cousins.

In this example, Nabokov describes Ada, seen through Van's eyes, absorbed in one of her favorite activities:. On those relentlessly hot July afternoons, Ada liked to sit on a cool piano stool of ivoried wood at a white-oilcloth'd table in the sunny music room, her favorite botanical atlas open before her, and copy out in color on creamy paper some singular flower Or else she combined one species with another unrecorded but possible , introducing odd little changes and twists that seemed almost morbid in so young a girl so nakedly dressed.

The "nakedly dressed" oxymoron immediately follows the description of Ada's drawings, in which she combines together unlikely species: just as oxymorons conjoin unlikely words and ideas. The contradiction contained in "nakedly dressed" echoes the impossibility of the hybrids Ada draws, and more importantly, it expresses both Van's feeling that he can see into her soul despite the clothes covering her body, his yearning for her such that her clothes only suggest to him her body beneath them, and at the same time because it's an oxymoron and the words contradict the impossibility of the siblings' relationship.

This example is similar to the lines above from Romeo and Juliet, in that both use the contradictory terms of an oxymoron to reflect the characters' experience of thwarted love. The couple's relationship becomes a bright spot for both of them in the midst of war, but ultimately also a source of pain and confusion for Jordan, as he struggles to balance his obligation to fight with his desire to live happily by Maria's side.

The contradiction contained within the oxymoron "scalding coolness" emphasizes the couple's conflicting emotions and impossible situation. The following lines refer to Lancelot, who is in love with Guinevere, King Arthur's wife. In the poem, Lancelot is tempted by another woman, but he remains "true" to Guinevere. The shackles of an old love straitened him, His honour rooted in dishonour stood, And faith unfaithful kept him falsely true.

Paul Simon wrote the song The Sounds of Silence about the difficulty people have in communicating with one another, but the lyrics were later interpreted as a reference to the Vietnam War a war that many would say was full of contradictions :.

Hello darkness, my old friend I've come to talk with you again Because a vision softly creeping Left its seeds while I was sleeping And the vision that was planted in my brain Still remains Within the sound of silence. Some of the greatest truths lie in contradiction, and oxymoron is one of the best figures of speech for expressing contradiction. For example, as we covered above, Shakespeare used oxymorons to describe strong, opposing emotions that often occur together, and also to show how the friction between those two feelings—love and hate, or love and pain, for example—can coexist and shape characters' experiences.

However, oxymorons aren't always so serious. The following example is from Alexander Pope's poem, "Essay on Criticism":. In this case, the oxymorons "bookful blockhead" and "learned lumber" add humor and spice to Pope's writing. Even so, Pope uses oxymoron to emphasize that people who are well-read are not necessarily original thinkers. Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Editions can help. Oxymoron Definition. Oxymoron Examples.

Oxymoron Function. Oxymoron Resources. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play.

Sign Up. Already have an account? Sign in. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Sign In Sign Up. Literature Poetry Lit Terms Shakescleare. Download this entire guide PDF. Oxymoron Definition What is an oxymoron? Some additional key details about oxymorons: The word "oxymoron" is itself an oxymoron.

If you're referring to oxymoron in plural, both oxymorons and oxymora are correct. Oxymorons is now more common in print than oxymora, but you'll find the latter listed in most dictionaries. The words in an oxymoron don't need to to be glued together, as in "heavy lightness" or "serious vanity.

Related Terms Oxymoron is often confused with other related terms, such as "contradiction in terms," "paradox," and "antonym. Oxymoron vs. Contradiction in Terms Today, many people use the term "oxymoron" as a synonym for any expression whose components contradict one another, even contradictions that are unintentional or come up in casual conversation also called a "contradiction in terms".

Paradox It's also helpful to understand the relationship between oxymoron and paradox. Oxymorons vs. Antonyms Words that are antonyms have opposite meanings from one another.

Oxymorons take two contradictory words or ideas and bring them together to create a single, deeper meaning. The oxymoron "darkness visible," for instance, captures the sense of darkness being not just the lack of light, but also a tangible, terrible thing. Antonym pairs—such as good and bad, light and dark, or strong and weak—do not create a new, deeper meaning. Instead, each pair of words describes a range of possible traits on a spectrum, such as from good to bad, or from light to dark.

Oxymoron Examples Oxymoron in Prose Oxymorons can add color, humor, and meaning to language in all sorts of ways. Oxymoron in Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare used a great many oxymorons in his plays. In these lines from Act 1, Scene 1, Romeo tells his cousin Benvolio about his feelings for a woman named Rosamund who doesn't love him back: O heavy lightness, serious vanity, Misshapen chaos of well-seeming forms! Oxymoron in Shakespeare's Macbeth The following oxymoron occurs repeatedly throughout Macbeth.

This first example is from the play's opening scene and it is part of a charm chanted by witches: Fair is foul, and foul is fair: Hover through the fog and filthy air. Oxymoron in Vladimir Nabokov's Ada Nabokov's novel Ada tells the story of Van and Ada, a sister and brother who meet as teenagers and fall in love, believing that they are cousins.

In this example, Nabokov describes Ada, seen through Van's eyes, absorbed in one of her favorite activities: On those relentlessly hot July afternoons, Ada liked to sit on a cool piano stool of ivoried wood at a white-oilcloth'd table in the sunny music room, her favorite botanical atlas open before her, and copy out in color on creamy paper some singular flower Oxymoron in "The Sounds of Silence" by Simon and Garfunkel: Paul Simon wrote the song The Sounds of Silence about the difficulty people have in communicating with one another, but the lyrics were later interpreted as a reference to the Vietnam War a war that many would say was full of contradictions : Hello darkness, my old friend I've come to talk with you again Because a vision softly creeping Left its seeds while I was sleeping And the vision that was planted in my brain Still remains Within the sound of silence Why Do Writers Use Oxymorons?

Other Helpful Oxymoron Resources The Wikipedia Page on Oxymoron: A very thorough explanation which also discusses the use of oxymorons for comedic effect. The Dictionary Definition of Oxymoron: A basic definition and etymology of the term. Oxymoron List: An extensive list of oxymorons and paradoxes, also the online home-base for an international community of oxymoron-lovers.

Note: many of these examples are actually contradictions in terms and not actual oxymorons, but it's still a helpful resource if you pick and choose carefully.

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